Health tips offered on how to prevent COVID-19

Writer: Zhang Yu  |  Editor: Zhang Chanwen  |  From: Shenzhen Daily  |  Updated: 2022-12-13

Guidance on how to quarantine at home

1. Who needs to quarantine at home?

People with asymptomatic or mild infections, who do not have serious chronic diseases, or who are under 65 years old with chronic diseases under control, and have no major organ dysfunction and need not to be hospitalized, can choose to quarantine at home.

2. How to safely take medications during the home quarantine period?

— If you are asymptomatic, no drug treatment is required.

Take your body temperature twice a day in the morning and evening. In case of fever, cough and other symptoms, report to community staffers in a timely manner for targeted treatment or oral drug treatment.

— If you experience a mild infection, take body temperature in the morning, at noon and in the evening. In case of a fever, increase body temperature checks.

If the symptoms are not relieved or even worsen after taking medicine, report to community staffers in a timely manner.

Take medicine according to instructions and avoid blind use of antibiotics.

— If you have chronic diseases but keep them under control, no need to change the current medication dosage for your chronic disease treatment.

3. What to do at home during home quarantine?

To quarantine at home, you should stay in an independent room, close the door, avoid face-to-face contact with those you cohabitate with, and avoid sharing meals and personal belongings.

Wear a mask if you have to leave the room. Maintain good personal and environmental hygiene at home, wash your hands frequently and open windows to ensure the room is well ventilated. If you want to share the toilet with your family, clean and disinfect it immediately every time you use it.

4. When does home quarantine end?

You can end home quarantine if the symptoms are obviously improved or there is no obvious symptom, the COVID antigen self-test comes out negative, and two consecutive nucleic acid tests (the interval between the two tests is more than 24 hours) come out negative.

Some FAQs

1. How to clean and disinfect at home?

Citizens are advised to mainly focus on keeping their homes clean, supplemented by disinfection. Disinfectants should be used reasonably to avoid excessive disinfection.

Select nontoxic, less irritating and less corrosive disinfectants for household disinfection.

Too high-level or low-level disinfectants cannot achieve the desired disinfection effect. Different types of disinfectants must not be mixed randomly, and detergents and disinfectants must not be mixed.

2. What do you put in a family medical kit?

Families can properly store some medicines for relieving symptoms such as fever, cough and sore throat, but there is no need for panic buying and hoarding supplies.

Before taking the medicines, carefully check the instructions and pay attention to the dosage, how often to take them and precautions.

3. How to take personal protection measures when going out?

Before going out, first assess your health condition. In case of fever, cough and other discomforts, put off going to school or work.

When taking the elevator, wear a mask all the time, avoid crowds, keep social distancing and avoid talking. People on lower floors are suggested to take the stairs and try not to touch the handrails.

During office work, open windows for ventilation three times a day, cover mouth with paper towels or tissue paper when coughing and sneezing, wash hands frequently, drink more water, and clean office desks and other commonly used items.

When having meals, eat during off-peak hours, wash hands before meals and choose contactless pickup when ordering takeout food.

4. How to protect yourself when taking public transportation?

— When taking the bus, subway, taxi or app-based vehicles, wear a mask throughout the journey;

— When taking a taxi or app-based vehicle, take a back seat and reduce conversations in the car;

Don’t touch the vehicle’s facilities at will, and avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth with unclean hands.

5. What protective measures should be taken when shopping or dining out?

When shopping in supermarkets, avoid peak hours, make shopping lists in advance, and reduce the time spent in shopping malls and supermarkets.

Wear a mask throughout the shopping process. Avoid touching public items and eyes, nose and mouth with unclean hands.

When queuing, keep a distance of more than 1 meter from others.

After leaving shopping malls or supermarkets, immediately use 75% alcohol or quick drying hand sanitizers to disinfect hands.